Amidst the hustle and bustle of Christmas preparations, just like Santa finalizing his list, many entrepreneurs find themselves immersed in a year-end hustle. Apart from making sure you provide your employees with the 13th month pay, you have to think about tax compliance. With a mere couple of weeks left in the calendar, you’re ticking off items on your checklist, racing against time to conclude the year on a financially high note.
As the year draws to a close, you’re likely frantic in preparing your records. You may also be coordinating with accounting services in the Philippines. All of you are engrossed in the meticulous preparation of your books of account and associated documents, all in readiness for the impending tax reporting obligations. In the spirit of the seasons, we’re providing guidelines to ensure the seamless completion of year-end tax responsibilities. Navigating these requirements need planning and timely execution so you can transition easily into 2024.
BIR Reporting Requirements: A Pivotal Year-End Checklist
Regardless of the accounting period followed, businesses must diligently adhere to tax reporting requirements set by the BIR. Professional tax services in Manila say this entails submitting various annual forms, each playing a crucial role in the comprehensive reporting process. You have to make sure all your documents for the ending year are ready to meet the forthcoming deadlines.
- Annual Income Tax Return Filing
Businesses and taxpayers engaged in business must file their Annual Income Tax Return (BIR Form 1701 or 1702) by April 15. Attachments, including BIR Form 1709 and Audited Financial Statements (AFS), must be submitted by April 30 via eAFS or manual means.
Enjoy a 0% tax rate on income up to P250,000, with subsequent tiers ranging from 20% to 35%, based on income brackets. Notably, exclude fringe benefits from taxable income and ensure timely payment to the BIR to dodge penalties.
For income subject to final tax, both resident and non-resident aliens face a maximum rate of 20%, covering passive investment income. Non-resident aliens not in business in the Philippines bear a 25% tax rate. Business income tax rates align with compensation rates for self-employed individuals. Yet, those with gross sales below P3,000,000 can opt for an 8% tax on gross receipts or follow the graduated income tax rates.
- Annual Withholding Tax Returns (BIR Forms 1604-C, 1604-F, and 1604-E)
Employers or withholding agents/payors involved in tax deductions on compensation or income payments must submit the corresponding Annual Withholding Tax Returns. These include BIR Forms 1604-C, 1604-F, and 1604-E, accompanied by Alphabetical Lists of Employees/Payees. Timely submission by January 31 of the following year is imperative to meet regulatory deadlines.
- BIR Form 2316 Issuance to Employees and Submission
Employers are mandated to issue BIR Form 2316, the Certificate of Compensation Payment/Tax Withheld for Compensation Payment, to employees by January 31 of the succeeding year. For those eligible for substituted filing, a copy of BIR Form 2316 must be submitted to the BIR by February 28. Note the recent update allowing the submission of scanned copies via USB devices, with manual submission no longer permitted.
- Year-End Financial Audit and Treaty Benefits
Businesses subject to the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Law must undergo a year-end financial audit by external auditors. For income payments involving nonresidents availing treaty benefits, requests for clarification or tax treaty relief applications must be filed post-transaction but no later than the fourth month following the taxable year’s close.
- Submission of Annual Books of Account
For businesses following a calendar year, submission of annual books of account is a requisite. Computerized Books of Account (CBA) must be submitted by January 30, with loose-leaf books requiring submission by January 15. A corresponding annual inventory list and an Annual Registration Fee (ARF) payment of P500 per head office and/or branch are also due.
Gearing Up for the Year-End Financial Audit
This is an important reminder. Under the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Law, businesses with gross receipts of at least P3 million are mandated to undergo an external audit for BIR purposes. Similarly, the SEC sets specific thresholds for the audit of books of account based on total assets, total liabilities, or assigned capital.
Proper tax planning with correctly prepared financial statements are crucial for tax compliance. Seek professional assistance from tax and auditing services in the Philippines to ensure your ledgers are tax-ready. The maze of tax regulations demands careful navigation, and professional help ensures a smoother journey.
LGU Reporting Requirements: Ensuring Local Compliance
In addition to BIR obligations, businesses must renew their business or mayor’s permit with the LGU by January 20 each year, regardless of the accounting period in use. Registered enterprises subject to a 5% tax on gross income, per the CREATE Act, are exempt from local taxes. However, this exemption excludes fees and charges that may be imposed by LGUs.
A Worry-Free Transition into 2024
While the multitude of reporting requirements may appear daunting, businesses can navigate the year-end maze with confidence through proactive planning and periodic tax compliance health checks. As we bid farewell to 2023, our accounting services in Pasig. Our team is ready to guide you through a seamless transition, ensuring a worry-free start to the upcoming fiscal year. Let’s embark on a journey towards financial compliance and success.